Distribution Automation | Introduction, Benefits, and Applications
Distribution Automation | Introduction, Benefits, and Applications

Introduction Distribution Automation (DA) is a collection of technologies like sensors, processors, communication networks, and switches that help utilities collect, automate, analyze, and optimize data. This improves the efficiency of…

MTDC | Introduction, Potential Applications, and Types
MTDC | Introduction, Potential Applications, and Types

Introduction HVDC transmission systems designed and operated so far are point-to-point systems with two terminals (converter stations). A multiterminal DC (MTDC) system has more than two converter stations, some operating…

Harmonics | Introduction, Generation, and Non - Characteristics
Harmonics | Introduction, Generation, and Non – Characteristics

Introduction HVDC converters introduce both AC and DC harmonics which are injected into the AC system and DC line respectively. There are several problems associated with the injection of harmonics…

Smoothing Reactor and DC Line | Transient overvoltages, Protection, and Effects
Smoothing Reactor and DC Line | Transient overvoltages, Protection, and Effects

Introduction The smoothing reactor is connected before the DC filter and in series with the converters. Apart from smoothing the direct current, it also serves as a buffer between the…

DC Breakers | Characteristics, Types, and Applications
DC Breakers | Characteristics, Types, and Applications

Introduction The development of HVDC circuit breakers has been underway for some time in the late eighties, and a 500 kV breaker with current interrupting capability up to 4000A, has…

Potential Transformer | Construction, Working, and Errors
Potential Transformer | Construction, Working, and Errors

Introduction Transformers are devices that help transfer electrical power from one circuit to another. They have coils of wire that are connected magnetically. Power transformers are used in power lines…

Distribution Systems | Classification, Types, and Challenges
Distribution Systems | Classification and Challenges

Introduction The distribution systems is like the delivery system for electricity in a local area. It's the electrical setup between the substation (getting power from the main transmission) and the…

Transmission Line | Introduction, Classification, and Modelling
Transmission Line | Introduction, Classification, and Modelling

Introduction A transmission line is like a power highway for electricity to travel from a power plant to faraway places where people use it. It's made of special wires called…

Feedback Amplifier | Types, Properties, and Topologies
Feedback Amplifier | Types, Properties, and Topologies

Introduction A feedback amplifier is like a loop where the output connects back to the input. It's called "feedback" because the output signal feeds back into the input. This setup…

Strain Gauge | Working, Types, Applications, and Advantages
Strain Gauge | Working | Types | Applications and Advantages

Introduction A strain gauge is like a smart sensor that senses changes in resistance when you apply force, pressure, tension, or weight. It helps convert these physical forces into electrical…